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Grade Four

Learning Outcomes Framework       GRADE FOUR- SPECIFIC CURRICULUM OUTCOMES Science - Grades P-6

Students will be expected to:

(Life Science: Habitats)    Habitats and Populations

                      use the terms habitat, population, and community in appropriate contexts (104-6)

                      identify questions to investigate about the types of plants and/or animals at a local habitat, and the conditions under which they live (204-1)

                      identify various methods for finding answers to questions related to their local habitat, and select one that is appropriate (204-6)

                      make observations and collect information related to local habitats and their associated populations of plants and animals (205-5, 302-1)

                      identify their own and their families’ impact on habitats, and describe how personal actions help conserve habitats (108-6, 108-3)

                      compile and display the data collected in the habitat study using tallies, tables, and/or bar graphs (206-2)

                      present the procedures and results of their habitat studies (207-2)

                      compare their results with those of other class members, recognizing that results may vary, and suggest explanations for these discrepancies (104-4, 206-3)

Collecting Scientific Information using Models of Natural Habitats

                      construct and/or maintain a model of a natural habitat, and use it to make observations and collect information about organisms in this habitat (205-10, 205-5)

                      suggest improvements to the model of the natural habitat to make it more realistic and habitable for organisms (206-6)

Behavioural and Structural Features of Animals That Enable Them to Survive in Their Habitat

                      compare the external features and behavioural patterns of various animals and relate these features to their ability to meet their basic needs in their natural habitats (302-2, 300-1)

                      carry out procedures and ensure a fair test to explore how appearance affects visibility (205-1)

                      predict the structural and/or behavioural adaptations needed for an animal to live in a particular habitat, real or imagined (204-3)

Structural Features of Plants that Enable Them to Survive in Their Habitat

                      using appropriate terminology compare the structural features of plants that enable them to thrive in different kinds of places (300-2, 104-6)

                      describe how scientists’ knowledge of plant growth has led to agricultural innovations and techniques (106-4)

                      describe current investigations into local or regional habitat issues (105-1)

Food Chains

                      classify organisms according to their role in a food chain and draw a diagram to illustrate the food chain (302-3, 104-6, 206-1)

                      predict how the removal of a plant or animal population affects the rest of the community (301-1)

                      relate habitat loss to the endangerment or extinction of plants and animals (301-2)

The Impact of Technology on Natural Habitats

                      identify examples of positive and negative effects of technological developments on natural habitats (108-1)

(Life Science: Light)    Optical Devices

                      describe that knowledge of the properties of light has led to the development of optical devices that extend our ability to observe (106-1, 106-4)

                      compare how light interacts with a variety of optical devices (107-1, 303-8)

                      construct an optical device that performs a specific function (205-10)

                      identify women and men in their community who have careers that deal directly with lenses, mirrors, and prisms (107-10)

Sources of Light

                      distinguish between objects that emit their own light and those that require an external source to be seen (303-3)

                      make observations and collect information during investigations to determine if an object emits its own light, and draw conclusions based on the evidence gathered (205-5, 206-5)

                      provide examples of how human-made sources of light have been designed to solve problems in the home and at school (107-4)

                      identify positive and negative effects of exposure to light (108-1)

                      identify ways of conserving energy through conservative use of home lighting (108-6)

Light Radiates from a Source

                      make observations about how light is dispersed from a variety of light sources (205-5)

                      demonstrate that light travels in all directions away from a source (303-2)

                      conclude that light travels in a straight line based on evidence gathered through their own research and observation (206-5)

Objects that Absorb, Transmit, and/or Reflect Light

                      investigate how light interacts with a variety of objects, in order to determine whether the objects cast shadows, allow light to pass, and/or reflect light (303-4)

                      classify objects as opaque, transparent, or translucent (206-1)

                      provide changes in the location, shape, and relative size of a shadow when an object is placed in different positions and orientations relative to the light source and screen (303-5)

                      plan a procedure and make observations to determine changes in a shadow’s location, shape, and relative size when an object is placed in different positions and orientations relative to a light source and screen (204-7, 205-5)

                      make observations and collect information about the reflective properties of surfaces of different shapes and textures (205-5)

Bending Light

                      demonstrate and describe how a variety of media can be used to change the direction of light (303-6)

                      make observations and collect information about the refractive properties of materials of different shapes (205-5)

Dispersion of Light

                      demonstrate that white light can be separated into colours, and use the term “dispersion” for this process (303-7, 104-6)

                      follow a set of procedures to make and use a colour wheel (205-3)

                      communicate and listen to others during investigations with colour wheels (207-1)

(Life Science: Sound)     Objects that Make Sounds

                      identify by the sounds they make (303-9)

                      describe examples of sound technologies that are used by people to meet their everyday needs (107-1)

Sound Vibrations

                      relate vibrations to sound production (303-10)

                      compare how vibrations travel differently through a variety of solids and liquids and through air (303-11)

Pitch, Loudness, and Sound Technology

                      identify and rephrase questions about ways to change pitch and loudness in a testable form (104-6, 204-1, 204-2)

                      state a prediction and hypothesis about the effect a modification will have on the pitch and loudness of the sound produced, based on the pattern of sounds produced (204-3)

                      demonstrate and describe how the pitch and loudness of sounds can be modified (301-3)

                      use the term “decibels” in descriptions of sound intensity (104-6)

                      demonstrate processes for solving technology problems by designing and constructing a device which has the ability to create sounds of variable pitch and loudness (104-1, 205-2)

                      evaluate personally constructed musical devices with respect to their ability to vary their pitch and loudness (206-7)

                      identify and use a variety of sources and technologies to gather pertinent information about Canadians who have contributed to sound technology (107-12, 205-8)

The Ear, Hearing Loss, and Noise Pollution

                      describe and illustrate how the human ear is designed to detect vibrations (300-3)

                      compare the range of sounds heard by humans to that heard by some animals (300-4)

                      describe examples of devices that enhance our abilities to hear and collect sound data, such as hearing aids, sonar, amplifiers, oscilloscopes, and ultrasound (106-1)

                      demonstrate processes for investigating the extent of noise pollution in their surroundings, and work with group members to evaluate the processes used in investigating noise pollution (104-1, 207-6)

                      identify the positive and negative effects of technological devices that produce loud sounds and identify the need for protection from and prevention of hearing loss (108-1, 206-9)

                      describe specific personal actions or products that can help reduce this noise pollution (108-3)       •  identify examples of current research related to sound (105-1)

(Life Science: Rocks, Minerals, and Erosion)    Collecting and Comparing Rocks and Minerals

                      demonstrate respect for the habitats of animals and the local environment when collecting rocks and/or minerals from their local area (108-3)

                      describe the distinction between minerals and rocks (104-6)

Properties of Rocks and Minerals

                      using appropriate tools make observations and collect information in order to describe rocks and minerals according to physical properties (204-8, 205-5, 200-6)

                      record observations of their rocks and minerals in chart form, and/or using notes in point form (205-7)

                      compare different rocks and/or minerals from their local area with those from other places (300-5)

                      classify their rocks and minerals according to several properties and create a chart or diagram that show the method of classifying (206-1, 207-2)

                      compare their classification schemes of the rocks/minerals to those of others and recognize that results may vary (104-4)

Uses for Rocks and Minerals

                      describe how rocks and minerals are used (107-1)     •  relate the characteristics of rocks and minerals to their uses (300-8)

                      using appropriate terms, describe some positive and negative effects of the extraction and/or utilization of rocks and minerals (104-6, 108-1)

Erosion and Weathering  

•  describe effects of wind, water, and ice on the landscape (301-5)     •  demonstrate a variety of methods of weathering and erosion (301-6)

Soil Formation and Composition  

•  describe ways in which soil is formed from rocks (301-4)

Records in Rocks  

• identify and describe the rocks that contain records of Earth’s history (300-7)

Sudden and Significant Changes in the Land  

•  describe natural phenomena that cause sudden and significant changes to the landscape (301-7)

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