|Tests measure how you are doing in a course.
Usually test scores are the key determinants of your course grade. Doing
well on tests requires test-taking skills, a purposeful positive attitude,
strategic thinking and planning, and, naturally, a solid grasp of the course
content. This handout contains tips that apply to all types of tests; additional
tips are available for problem solving tests, objective tests, and essay
Preparing for Tests:
Familiarize yourself with the test. Ask the
teacher how long it will be and what kind of questions will be on it. Ask
which concepts are most important, which chapters to focus on, and what
you will have to do on the test. Also ask for some sample test questions,
and whether there is a copy of a similar test on file in a library. Look
over the tests you have already taken in the course to predict what you
will need to prepare for. Your aim is to determine both the content of
the questions and the type of memory and intellectual skills you will be
asked to use. Examples of these skills include:
Overview all the work to be done and schedule
time to do it. On the basis of your familiarity with the test, make a list
of all the tasks you must complete to prepare for it. Assign priorities
to your study tasks according to the topics you expect to be most important
on the test. In scheduling your test preparation , try to stick to your
Remembering specific facts, details, terms and
Comparing. contrasting, and otherwise interpreting
meaning in the information studies.
Applying principles and theories to solve problems
(that may not have been covered explicitly in the course.)
Predicting possible outcomes given a set of
Evaluating the usefulness of certain ideas,
concepts, or methods for a given situation.
Avoid the "escape syndrome." If you find yourself
fretting or talking about your work rather than studying, relax for a few
minutes and rethink what you are doing ‚ reappraise your priorities and
if necessary rethink your study plan to address your worries and then start
When faced with unread material keep in mind
your study plan, how much time you have, and what you need to get out of
the reading. Divide the material into parts, looking for the organizational
scheme, and decide what can be omitted, what can skimmed, and what needs
to be read. Set time limits for reading each part and stick to them. The
following techniques might help you get through your reading:
Review actively. Integrate notes, text, and
other information onto summary sheets by diagramming, charting, outlining,
categorizing in tables, or simply writing summaries. Try to create a summary
sheet for each study session, or for each main idea, or for each concept.
Use all your senses as well as your sense of humor when writing your summary
sheets to make them meaningful.
Skim all of the material first (except the parts
you have decided to omit) so you will have at least looked at everything
before the test. Take notes on what you skim.
Emphasize key sentences, and concentrate on
understanding the ideas. Ask yourself the questions who, what ,where, when
Recite the material to yourself immediately.
(Self-testing at the end of each part can enhance recall even without later
Practice doing what you will be doing on the
test. Answer unassigned problems and questions in the text or anticipate
test questions by asking, "If I were making up this test I would probably
ask...," and then answer your question. Remember, the best way to prepare
for any test is to practice doing what you will have to do on the test.
Study with other well-prepared students and
attend any review sessions. Such sessions are to clarify the material;
don't expect them to repeat lectures or give additional information.
Analyzing Returned Tests:
Be prepared emotionally and physically as well
as intellectually. Get into a "fighting" attitude, emotionally ready to
do your best. Stay away from others right before the test ‚ anxiety is
highly contagious. Focus on what you know rather than what you do not know;
reinforce your strengths and arrest your weaknesses. Get enough rest the
night before the test, eat well balanced meals and exercise regularly ‚
prepare your brain for optimum functioning by keeping your physical resources
well maintained. Avoid fasts; do not take any stimulants you are not used
to, and if you are used to them (i.e., coffee or soft drinks), keep within
Arrive at the test room early enough to arrange
your working conditions and establish a calm, alert mode. Select a seat
where the lighting is best (frequently in the front of the room) and where
your view of other students will be minimal.
When you receive your test use the back to jot
down all the information you might forget, but first, ask whether you can
write on the test form.
Preview the whole test before trying to answer
any questions. Make sure your copy has no missing or duplicate pages. Ask
the instructor or proctor to clarify any ambiguities. Read the directions
Plan your time. Allow the most time for the
questions which offer the most points, and leave time at the end to review.
Start with the easy questions to build confidence
and gain time for harder questions. Work the entire test, and put down
an answer for each questions even if you must guess (unless there is a
"correction for guessing").
Do not panic if you see a question you did not
anticipate. Use everything you know to analyze the question and create
a logical answer. Go for partial credit when you know you cannot get all
the points: If you have studied, you are bound to know something.
Read the question as is. Avoid overanalyzing
or oversimplifying, or you will end up answering a question that exists
only in your mind. Answer the question the test maker intended: interpret
the test within the scope of the course.
If you receive your test back to keep, rework
your errors to find out why the correct answer was correct.
If you do not receive your test back, inform
your teacher that you would like to take a look at your answer sheet and
the questions you missed.
Look for the origin of each question--text,
notes, labs, supplementary reading, etc.
Identify the reason you missed questions. Did
you fail to read it correctly? Did you fail to prepare for it? Was the
test at a more difficult level than you prepared for? Did you run out of
Check the level of detail and skill of the test.
Were most of the questions over precise details and facts or were they
over main ideas and principles? Did the questions come straight from the
text or did the test maker expect you to make transformations and analyses?
Did you have any problems with anxiety
or blocking during the test?