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STUDY FORMULA SQ3R

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I. SURVEY II. QUESTION III. READ IV. RECITE V. REVIEW

    Survey and question at the same time to find what the material contains. (Read and reread or
    read, write and say aloud.)

I. & II. Survey and Question - Method

     READ title, author, introduction, table or contents, and skim through sections of the book noting
                 illustrations, size of print, chapter, glossary, appendix, and other sources of quick information.
                 Skim the index for unknown terms.

    QUESTIONS. Who, what, when, where, and what emphasis? What aspect is my weakest point?
                 What will need to be memorized?

    SELECT a Chapter. Read introductory paragraph. Skim with a pencil. Mark any who, what, when,
                 where, or other vocabulary that is unknown. Stop to read headings,subheadings, and last
                 paragraph. If the material is very difficult, read the first sentence of each paragraph. This survey
                 should not take more than a minute and should show at least three to six core ideas.

    QUESTION.  Now turn the first heading into a question.

III.  READ

                 Read to the end of the first headed section to answer this question. Make this an active search
                 for the answer. Underline only key words--never whole paragraphs. restate in your own words
                 the relationship being made. Use a dictionary if necessary. No note should be written until the
                 whole headed section has been read.

IV.  RECITE.

                 Now look away from the book and try briefly to recite the answer to your question. Use your
                 own words and cite an example. You can jot down from memory brief cue phrases in outline form
                 on a sheet of paper. These should be brief and your own words. If you cannot do this, glance over
                 the selection again.

                 Now repeat steps QUESTION, III, and IV with each successive headed section. Do this until
                 the entire lesson is completed.

V.  REVIEW.

                 When the lesson has been studied in this way, check your memory by reciting the major subpoints
                 under each heading. You can do this by covering up the notes and trying to recall the subpoint
                 listed under it. Review daily during the period of time before class exam. Review should probably
                 not be longer than five minutes. It is a good idea to try and for two hours daily.

                 Make a study plan so that time is available!

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Reproduced with the permission of Gregory Wells, Coordinator, William James Center, Davis and Elkins College, Elkins WV., NACADA Conf. 1987

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