To Kevin's Social Studies Lesson Page
Back to Index Back to Lesson Page Back to Home Download Text File
TITLE: Comparing Democracy and Republic AUTHOR: Rita S. Cavin GRADE LEVEL/SUBJECT: 6-9 OVERVIEW: The republic of Rome and the democracy of Athens provide a good basis for comparison of these two government types which have influenced our own government. PURPOSE: To use a graphic organizer to contrast two types of government. OBJECTIVE(s): 1. Students will work in cooperative groups using skills of leadership, consensus building, and teamwork. 2. Students will list facts about two government types. 3. Students will organize these facts in a table to show comparisons (T-chart). 4. Students will present their group's T-chart and explain and defend their choices. RESOURCES/MATERIALS: "The World Yesterday and Today", 1990, Silver, Burdett and Ginn. pp. 84-85 and pp. 103-104. Or any other source which discusses the characteristics of Rome's republic and Athen's democracy. ACTIVITIES AND PROCEDURES: Students should be familiar with the use of the T-chart organizer and with the process of group work. We used groups of three students. Teacher-chosen heterogeneous groups work best. Each group member has an assigned role to perform. For example: Leader - gets group moving toward task and keeps it on task; Encourager - watches for involvement by all members and helps keep an accepting atmosphere toward each member and their ideas; Supplier - gets materials for the group and may request teacher's attention for problems the group cannot solve. After a class discussion of the two governments, students are assigned to groups. The group task is to read for facts and organize these facts into a comparison chart. After reaching consensus on all points to be included, the group will produce a visual (overhead transparency or poster) containing the group's T-chart. A requirement I include is that each member must do part of the actual writing on the final product. We usually take two class times to complete this portion. TYING IT ALL TOGETHER: During the third class time, the groups present their work to the rest of the class, explaining and defending their entries on the chart with reasons for choices. The class is asked to look for proper form of each organizer and sound reasoning behind choices. Praises for good points are given and suggestions for improvement are allowed. Often the group members observe things they would do differently after their sharing time. Ask students for feedback after all group activities.
Back To Top