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Title: EVALUATING CRIMES

Grade: Appropriate for grades 9-12.

OVERVIEW:  This activity is a good introduction on a unit of Criminal Law.  
Students will learn that a crime is something one does or fails to do in 
violation of a law; or it can also be behavior for which government sets a 
penalty.  Decisions as to what constitutes a crime are made by legislatures. They try to protect the public 
based on what most people believe is right and necessary for the orderly 
conduct of our society.

PURPOSE:  The purpose of this activity is to make students aware there is 
no concrete consensus as to what is a crime, the seriousness of crimes, 
or variances of actions that change "noncriminal" behavior to "criminal" 
behavior.

OBJECTIVES:  The students will ba able to:

     1.  Identify certain "criminal" behavior.
     2.  Identify certain "noncriminal" behavior.
     3.  Analyze actions as to degree of criminal behavior.
     4.  Evaluate and rank certain actions as to "criminal" 
         - "noncriminal" behavior.

ACTIVITIES:  

     1.  After a short introduction that includes a broad definition 
         of "crime", distribute handout sheet.

     2.  Have students individually decide if the actions should be 
         treated as a crime and give reasons why.

     3.  Have student rank the offenses from most serious as number 1
         to least serious as number 15.

     4.  Divide class into 4-5 groups and repeat numbers 2 and 3 
         as a group.

     5.  Have a spokesperson from each group give rankings and reasons why.

     6.  Record group rankings on the chalkboard.

     7.  Have class as a whole vote on the rankings of the offenses.

Materials:  Copy the following handout for each student:

     1.  Harold, age 17, robs a liquor store at gunpoint.

     2.  Laurel leaves a store with change for a $10 bill after she 
         realizes she gave the cashier a $5 bill.

     3.  Rita approaches a man for purposes of prostitution.

     4.  Ken pays a prostitute after receiving her services.

     5.  Dan parks in a handicap zone and he is not handicapped nor 
         are any of his passengers.

     6.  Mike is a narcotic addict who pushes heroin to anyone who will buy.

     7.  Tom and Jerry are two homosexuals who live together as though 
         they were married.

     8.  Sylvia pickpockets an individuals wallet containing $150.

     9.  Ed refuses to pay income tax because he does not support 
         government policies.

    10.  Patty is caught with two ounces of marijuana.

    11.  Dorothy is caught with two kilos of marijuana.

    12.  Rob refuses to wear a helmet while riding a motorcycle.

    13.  A company pollutes a river with waste from its factory.

    14.  Lafe gets drunk and hits a child while speeding through 
         a school zone.

    15.  Vince observes his best friend shoplifting but does not 
         turn him in.

RESOURCES/MATERIALS NEEDED:  

     No special resources are needed.

TYING IT ALL TOGETHER: 

     This is a good activity to stimulate discussion on what constitute 
a crime.  Students will generally have strong opinions about "non-victim 
crimes" and  indirect involvement in crime.  I have used this for several 
years in a Business Law class that has a unit on Criminal Law and I have 
always had success with it.  It takes little preparation and the group 
dynamics can be thrilling.

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