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Bus Stops: OST 402

Bus Stops



Bus Stops: OST 402

Adoption Date:



This policy applies to students under the jurisdiction of the Cape Breton-Victoria Regional School Board who are bused.



To ensure all bus stops are safe and meet regulatory requirements.


Policy Statement

It is the policy of the Cape Breton-Victoria Regional School Board to set school bus stops in accordance with applicable regulations and in consideration of other safety factors.  There may be up to (3) bus stops designated within a mile or 1.6 kilometers (Nova Scotia Motor Carrier Act - Governor in Council, Section 14 (2).


Cross Reference

Motor Carrier Act



This policy has been authorized by the Board under motions number....



It is the responsibility of the Director of Programs and Student Services to ensure that this policy and administrative procedures are implemented.



Director of Operational Services


1.         The Manager of Transportation has the responsibility to set bus stops and their markings in each area of the Board’s jurisdiction.

An ongoing review of all bus stops is to be undertaken by the Manager of Transportation in order to assess current and future considerations.

2.         In “marking” bus stops, the main considerations will be:

            a)         student safety

            b)         accessibility to the majority of students

            c)         the topography of the area

3.         Bus stops within the two and a quarter mile limit (i.e. courtesy busing), may be altered or discontinued should any one of the following prevail:

            a)         a reduction in or removal of a bus run

            b)         changes in bus routes

            c)         an increase in eligible students that would negate the availability of seats on the bus

            d)         a change in the bus fleet

4.         Consideration will be given to medical reasons put forth by the Coordinator of Special Services to change a bus stop providing such a medical reason denotes a physical handicap that prevents a student from being mobile.

5.         The Manager of Transportation will calculate the stopping site distance wherever required and will maintain a record of this.  He/she will apply for placement of a “school bus stop” sign where stopping site distance is inadequate and the stop cannot be relocated.  The process and table for this is attached as provided by the Nova Scotia Department of Transportation.

Stopping Sight Distance (SSD)

Required Stopping Sight distance is the length of highway visible to a driver that permits the driver to perceive a conflict object, react by braking and proceeding to a stop before reaching the conflict object.


SSD=0.278PV =         V ²       

        255(f + g)


= Stopping Sight Distance
= perception reaction time
= vehicle speed
= friction factor
= highway grade

Application of this formula results in attached Tables I and II, Stopping Sight Distance for various grades and approach speeds.

Measurement Methodology

Target Replacement

The target is placed at the location to be measured, at the edge of pavement or edge of travel lane if there is no pavement, and at the center of the intersecting roadway or driveway o feature to be measured.

Eye Height

The observer approaches the target, ensuring his or her eye height is a 1.05 meters, until the target comes into view.  The line of sight to the target must be unbroken.

SSD Measured

Measurement of the distance between the observer and the target along the roadway and on each approach constitutes the available stopping sight distance for each direction.

Equipment List

The procedure for measuring Stopping Sight Distance requires several pieces of equipment:

1) Measuring Device Either a measuring wheel or electronic distance measuring instrument (vehicle mounted)
2) Clinometer  A slope meter used to determine the percent grade on the highway approaching the target
3) Range Pole  Used as support in determining the percent grade
4) 150 mm Target Target height used for determining available Stopping Sight Distance to School Bus Stops
5) 600 mm Target Target height used to determine available Stopping Sight Distance to School Bus Turns
6) Safety Vest Department Employees are required to wear a Safety Vest when working on a highway
7) Safety Boot (CSA Grade 1)

Department Employees are required to wear Safety Boots when working on a highway

8) Temporary Condition Signs Signs required to conform to the Temporary Workplace Traffic Control Manual

Related Guidelines

Education Act, Regulations under this act.

Motor Carrier Act


Associated Forms


Policy Review

This policy will be reviewed by Director of Operational Services within three years from the authorization date.



Board Members

All Policy Manual Holders

See also
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