STUDENT SERVICES: 200
(Pediculus Humanus): PSS 226
October 24, 2011
policy is to be applied to all schools within the Cape Breton-Victoria Regional
To ensure that all personnel are aware
of the appropriate procedures to follow in dealing with students infected with
head lice (pediculus humanus). The Board has developed a uniform approach to
addressing the pediculosis (head lice) issue in its schools. This new
procedure will provide a standard practice for all schools.
lice (pediculosis) are common and can infest anyone regardless of
socio-economic status or level of personal cleanliness.
is the policy of the Board that in schools where head lice (pediculus humanus)
is suspected, the school administrator follows the procedures outlined.
policy has been authorized by the Board under motions number....
is the responsibility of the Director of Programs and Student Services to
ensure that this policy and administrative procedures are implemented.
Coordinator of School Services will implement the policy and administrative
staff member who suspects or finds lice on a student will notify the Principal.
of children identified with head lice will be notified by the school of that
fact by letter (Pediculosis Notification Letter - Appendix A and Pediculosis
Treatment and Instruction Sheet – Appendix C), and will be required to seek
treatment for the child. It is recommended that other members of the household
be checked as well.
parent/guardian is required to keep the child at home until the problem is
returning to school, the student is required to bring a form signed by the
parent indicating the treatment used, and confirming that the child is free of
lice. The form is reviewed by the principal or designate. (This form is
provided on the bottom of the Pediculosis Notification Letter – Appendix A)
a returning child is not free of lice, the child shall not be readmitted to
class. The parent/guardian is contacted by the school and arrangements made
for the child to return home as soon as possible. The parent/guardian is
provided with a new Pediculosis Notification Letter and Treatment Instruction
parents/guardians of children in a class in which a student or students are
found to have head lice will be sent a letter (Class/School Letter - Appendix
B) informing them of that fact. The letter contains a description of methods
of observation and precautionary measures that can be taken in the home to
monitor and treat head lice infestations.
a number of cases are identified in different classrooms, the principal will
send home a general notification to parents/guardians of all students in the
the problem appears to be widespread, the principal may wish to have teams of
parent volunteers trained by the Public Health nurse to assist in monitoring
and checking students for head lice. These parent volunteers must ensure
should be assured that reporting head lice is encouraged and that
confidentiality will be maintained.
Health personnel may be requested to make home visits for support and
parents/guardians are unable to afford the cost of treatment, they are advised
to contact the principal or your nearest Public
Notification Letter (Appendix A)
Class/School Letter (Appendix B)
Treatment Instruction Sheet (Appendix C)
policy will be reviewed by Director of Programs and Student Services within
three years from the authorization date.
Policy Manual Holders
(Head Lice) is a common problem in schools especially at certain times of the
year. Head lice and their eggs (nits) are a nuisance that can infect any of
us. Your child was found to have head lice or nits (eggs). In order to
ensure effective treatment, we require that you follow the instructions on the
enclosed Pediculosis Treatment Instruction Sheet. It is important that all
lice are removed before returning to class. If all lice are not removed, other
children in the class, as well as your child will continue to be affected by
the problem. Therefore if your child is not free of lice on returning to
school, he/she will not be re-admitted to class. You will be contacted to make
arrangements for the return of your child to your home and you will be provided
with treatment instructions.
Thank you for
SIGN BELOW AND HAVE YOUR CHILD RETURN THIS FORM TO THE
OFFICE BEFORE GOING BACK TO CLASS.
r Yes. My
child’s hair has been checked, and all lice have been removed.
PEDICULOSIS CLASS LETTER
Pediculosis (Head Lice)
A case of
Pediculosis has been found to exist in your child’s classroom. Pediculosis is
an infestation of head lice or head lice eggs (called “nits”) which is spread
by direct contact with an infested person and, indirectly, by contact with
his/her personal belongings. These include clothing, combs, brushes and head
We ask that you
take the following precautions:
your child’s hair and scalp frequently for the next 10 days.
The louse may be brown or grayish, with a flat, wingless body 2-3 mm in length
with six legs. The eggs may be yellow, brown, or white teardrop-shaped, are
glued to the hair near the scalp and are called “nits”. It is usually the eggs
which are first noticed.
your child complains of an itchy scalp, you should check for lice and/or nits.
you discover your child has lice or nits, please notify the school right
away and a Treatment Instruction sheet will be sent home.
note that if a child is found to have pediculosis, the parent or guardian will
be required to keep the child at home until the child is free of all head lice.
PEDICULOSIS TREATMENT INSTRUCTION SHEET
Lice are very
small brown wingless insects. Their eggs, called nits, appear gray in dark
hair and brown in light hair. They are oval shaped and stick to the side of
the hair near the scalp.
you notice signs such as frequent head scratching, check all family members
at least once a week. Only treat people who have lice or nits.
nits on hair
How to Treat
treatments and lice combs are available at your local drugstore. If the
person with lice or nits has allergies, asthma, epilepsy, other medical
conditions, or is pregnant or nursing, please consult your pharmacist or
Here are two
ways to get rid of head lice. In both treatments, you will have to remove
nits from the hair by hand.
Commercial Treatments (i.e. Nix, Pronto,
your child’s hair according to the instructions.
the hair into sections and remove all the nits with the lice comb and
your fingernails. Shampoos alone will not get rid of nits.
help loosen the eggs rinse the hair with a mixture of warm water (1/2) and
head lice requires two treatments one week apart.
day for a month, inspect the hair for lice and nits.
Vinegar and Oil Treatments
equal parts of vinegar and oil (mineral oil, baby oil, cooking oil).
to dry hair and rub well.
the hair in plastic wrap for 2-3 hours.
hair with regular shampoo.
the hair into sections and remove all the nits with the lice comb and
your fingernails. To help loosen the eggs rinse the hair with a mixture of
warm water (1/2) and vinegar (1/2).
this treatment five times (once every three days for 15 days).
Put bed linen,
clothes and stuffed toys in a hot dryer or wash them in hot water. Combs,
brushes and head gear should also be washed in hot water. Siblings should be
checked as well. Do not use chemical sprays in your home as part of the
treatment. They are dangerous and totally unnecessary.
Your child may
return to school after the first treatment. If you have any questions, please
contact your school.